Integrating 5G Technology into Street Lighting Systems

Integrating 5G Technology into Street Lighting Systems

5G, the future of mobile networks, is here and it will change the way our mobile devices perform. 5G (fifth generation) mobile networks are the new worldwide standard and they will vastly outperform previous generations in some very key aspects:

  • A higher multi-Gbps data speed, which will allow for faster downloading and streaming capabilities.
  • A larger bandwidth, which will allow for more devices to be connected at once without slowing down the network.
  • A huge decrease in latency will allow for faster communication with cloud platforms.

However, 5G technology has one major limitation: range. This is due to its utilization of millimeter waves (mmWave). Millimeter waves are a high-frequency band of frequencies that provide high speed and increased bandwidth. But they travel by line of sight and are blocked or reduced by physical objects like walls, trees, and buildings. This limitation is particularly acute in densely populated urban areas with more network users and physical obstacles.

Fortunately, there is a solution: street lighting systems. Street lighting can help improve 5G coverage limitations in urban areas by utilizing 5G Small Cells. These cells can be mounted on street light poles to act as miniature base stations and, when spaced properly, can increase network capacity by using them as signal relays.

By equipping street lights with 5G capabilities, cities can enhance wireless communication, support a wide array of IoT (Internet of Things) applications, and improve public safety and services, all while maintaining their primary function of illumination.